Tag Archive | "Recession"

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Euro Zone GDP Contracts Further


The 17-nation euro zone output shrank by 0.2 percent in the first quarter 2013 creating the longest recession in the bloc’s history. Projections for the future are not promising. Analysts project slight growth in late 2013 but no significant upturn until 2015. The first quarter contraction marks the sixth consecutive quarter that euro zone GDP has contracted.

France which has been teetering on the edge of a recession finally crossed the line and suffered a 0.2 percent downturn, equaling its output in the fourth quarter 2012. Unemployment in France is at record levels.

France joined the list of euro zone economies in recessions. Finland, Cyprus, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Greece and Spain are solidly entrenched in recessions. Italy and Spain, the euro zone’s third and fourth largest euro zone economies, have endured seven consecutive quarters of negative growth.

The new data pushed the euro below the 1.29USD mark. The currency fell to six-week lows and shows little hope for recovery. The trend of the euro and the anemic growth in the bloc may prompt the ECB to engage in more aggressive monetary easing initiatives.

Last week, the ECB cut interest rates to historic lows. However, Mario Draghi, ECB president, has said that he is not opposed to another rate cut.

Austerity vs. Growth

To a degree, German led calls for austerity have stabilized the euro zone treaty. But, most of the nations want to shift the focus to growth. Euro zone unemployment is estimated to include more than 19 million workers.

The consensus is that the natives of the euro zone have been pushed about as far as they can go. France has been an advocate for growth and has marked the formation of a Europe-wide banking supervisor as an important step in the region’s recovery. German finance minister Wolfgang Schaeuble and Chancellor Angela Merkel have opposed this new initiative fearing that Germany would have to bear the heavy load.

On Tuesday, Schaeuble appeared to soften his position, suggesting that the new, broader banking union could be structured by June. A second aspect of this initiative would call for identification of banks that need to be closed. Schaeuble told French finance minister Pierre Moscovici that the new banking union was a “priority object.”

Germany, always the pillar of the euro zone, is facing its own manufacturing, export and GDP problems. GDP was revised from negative 0.6 percent in the fourth quarter 2012 to 0.7 percent. Germany narrowly avoided falling into recession by posting a 0.1 percent gain in the first quarter 2013. Despite its tempered growth, Germany enjoys the lowest unemployment rate in years.

Liquidity Driving Equity Markets

The euro is off 2.3 percent in May, hitting 1.2883USD in overnight trading. The dollar rests comfortably in the 102 range against the yen. The ECB is likely to consider another rate cut before the end of the year. The dollar reached 102.63 yen overnight.

Meanwhile, the Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan continue to pour money into easing programs. The weak yen is very liable to cause more export stress in Europe.

The UK has been damaged by the weaker euro and the stronger pound. UK exports have lowered to Europe but have increased to other markets like Southeast Asia and Africa. Outgoing Bank of England head, Mervyn King hinted that the BoE may be softening its easing program shortly. King put forth the first positive outlook for the UK since the outset of the financial crisis. Britain has been successful encouraging small business growth but still fights high unemployment and a slumping housing market.

All eyes will be on Italy’s upcoming 30-year bond auction after Spain had a successful 10 billion euro sale of its 10-year bonds on Tuesday. After Fitch Ratings upgraded the nation’s sovereign debt, a positive accomplishment, Greece’s 10-year bonds surged in Wednesday’s auction. Greece is no longer viewed as a country about to leave the euro zone, a credit to the tough love imposed by Germany.

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Osborne Calls For Bolder BoE


Finance minister George Osborne stated his case for more aggressive and innovative Bank of England initiatives to help the country climb out of the economic rut that has led to a credit downgrade and has the economy on the verge of another recession. His address to Parliament was marred by jeers from Labor and their leader, Ed Millibrand.

While the politics is sticky, the current economic trends point to disaster unless a commitment to growth is in place. Osborne looks to the BoE to carry the ball by giving the economy some breathing room with an already stifling inflation rate.

Osborne made it clear that this was not the time to cut back on austerity. Prime Minister David Cameron and Osborne remain committed to the austerity strategy that is designed to narrow the deficit through curtailing public debt. Many Brits believe their success will determine the outcome of the elections in two years. The deficit reduction package is a five year plan.

Another EU Nation Long On Austerity, Short on Growth

However, as other EU nations have found, austerity without growth is a dangerous formula. Recession looms and the UK manufacturing output is discouraging.

Latest growth projections are dismal. Osborne announced the economy will grow about 0.6 percent this year. The finance minister projects 1.8 percent GDP expansion in 2014. He was quick to point out that the 1.8 percent would exceed the output of Germany and France.

Cameron and Osborne had paid a price politically for the struggling recovery. British sterling took another hit on Wednesday but the prospect of a more aggressive BoE seemed to stabilize equity markets.

Osborne called for the central bank to maintain its 2 percent inflation rate, if possible, but not at the expense of growth. He asked for the bank to devise a strategy to reduce the inflation rate over time if it became necessary to increase the rate by more than 2 percent to supply enough easing to stimulate growth.

Housing and Construction Must Lead Way

Of particular interest is the stagnant construction and housing industry. Osborne’s charge to the BoE would transform the mission to resemble the mandate of the US Federal Reserve, whose controversial three rounds of QE have sparked a slow, tenuous but steady recovery.  US equity markets have flourished in the meantime.

Most troubling in Osborne’s presentation is his paring of the 2013 GDP growth. The 0.6 percent is half the original 2013 projection of 1.2 percent.

Osborne said, “As we’ve seen over the last five years, low and stable inflation is a necessary but not sufficient condition for prosperity. The new remit explicitly tasks the MPB with setting out clearly the tradeoffs it has made in deciding how long it will be before inflation return to target.”

It looks like uneasy times are ahead for the Sterling and the UK economy.

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Euro Slides, Dollar Rises, Italy Plays With Fire


On Friday, the euro fell to its lowest rate against the USD since January 10 and to its lowest point against the yen in three weeks. A number of factors came together to keep the euro in a steady slide and the yen on a steady rise.

In Europe, the euro zone’s 17-member nations released economic information that painted a bleak picture for the region during 2013. Only Germany seemed to discount the overwhelming evidence of another recession. The German confidence index climbed for the fourth straight month, despite a dismal finish to 2012 and data suggesting manufacturing in the country and the region was dialing down.

The euro fell to $1.3166, well below the 15-month peak of $1,3711

The euro fell to 122.23 yen, down  1.4 percent

The dollar index struck a five-month high at 81.508.

In addition to projections that euro zone unemployment would remain in the 12 percent range for 2013 and that Spain’s unemployment rate would stay at 20 percent, there were other factors that are too unsettling to overlook. The ECB had anticipated banks would  pay back 131 billion euro of borrowed funding but fell far short of the mark, repaying just 61 billion euros on Thursday.

Spain announced the country would fall far short of its debt reduction goals in 2012 and well below euro zone requirements. The events in Spain and Italy should be observed by US politicians as examples of what happens when politics and economic concerns face off against each other.

Recent production numbers from the US indicate that businesses are uneasy about how politicians will handle the sequestration due to fall off the March 1st cliff on Friday, March 1, 2013. Coupling this event with the upcoming debt ceiling expiration, the stage is set for a perfect storm that will leave the middle class crippled and the country mired in what will surely become another recession.

And, the political rhetoric in Washington marches on.

On Thursday, minutes from the Federal Reserve’s January meeting were released. The possibility that the Fed will raise interest rates earlier than expected strengthened the dollar against the declining euro.

In addition to the economic woes in Europe, the political theater is unnerving economies outside the region. The amazing but disturbing popularity of Italian bad boy and financial nightmare Silvio Berlusconi have shaken confidence in Italy’s future and thus the future of the euro zone.

Is it possible that the regions third largest economy could turn a blind eye to the unscrupulous Berlusconi? Apparently so as the former Prime Minister is locked in a three way run between himself, current prime minister Mario Monte and Luigi Bersani.

Many economists hold Berlusconi responsible for the lax financial oversight that sank the nation’s economy. However, Italians seem to prefer the wayward ways to the disciplined approach to correction that Monti has advocated.

The euro zone produces 20 percent of the global output. The European Commission said that the euro zone will not return to growth until 2014, dimming hopes of China and the US for their export markets.

Across the region, consumer inflation could deal another blow to the economy. Projection call for an inflation rate increase to 1.8 percent in 2013.

In Washington, Congress returned and seemed undisturbed by the pending negotiations that could set the country back into recession in a very short time. The inability of Congress to put their political rhetoric aside and act responsibly has been repressing the economy since the fourth quarter 2012.

On Thursday, new unemployment claims surpassed analyst expectations as signs of the political weight on the economy continue to mount.

It appears President Obama will stick to his word on reducing spending and increasing taxes. Republicans can move to the middle or cause another economic collapse. If so, it may be 2014 before Democrats regain the house and finally accomplish meaningful legislation about jobs, guns and immigration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Step Aside Washington Let The Economy Work


Despite Washington’s dysfunction, the US Labor Department’s Non-Farm Payroll report showed 155,000 jobs were added in December. Additionally, another 15,000 jobs were adjusted to the November total. By all accounts, the figure continued a steady progressive trend.

Based on the antics of a devastatingly dysfunctional 112th Congress, many analysts feared for the worst. Over the last 60 years, the unemployment rate has averaged 6.0 percent. Today, the unemployment rate is 7.8 percent and there are few reasons to think the economy can re-create more prosperous times. The December unemployment rate is one percent less than 12 months ago.

There are many theories about the direction of the US recovery. However, analysts all agree that the dysfunction in Washington may be the nation’s biggest hurdle.  With momentum leaning forward, the economy received no lift from the pitiful resolution of the fiscal cliff. There is not one provision in this divisive piece of legislation that gives the economy direction much less the much needed stability to know where the country is headed. Lacking than a clear direction of financial policy, the government has engulfed the business community with instability. Business leaders have learned very little about what demands a resolution to the debt crisis will make.

The end result of the first leg of the self-imposed fiscal cliff is that business leaders know less about the direction of the solution than before negotiations commenced. Businesses are again forced to hoard their capital in preparation for the next Congressional debacle. It is a sorry state and not one worthy of the world’s largest economy.

In December, average hourly earnings increased by 0.3 percent. Two important sectors that have been gutter-bound since the outset of the recession, construction and manufacturing, reflect progress as new jobs increased in both sectors.

To many observers, new job creation in December is disappointing. To others, it is a miracle that the economy has withstood a government seemingly on a path of self-destruction. Retail sales over the holidays were below expectations. Consumers started the holiday buying season at a good pace but as the fiscal cliff approached, many consumers applied the brakes. Now, facing several more agonizing fiscal negotiations and when the country needs the full power of the American consumer, it becomes difficult to see positive growth and new job creation.

Will the Congress Remove the Shackles?

The politicians will be negotiating the debt ceiling, and the pending portion of the fiscal cliff in upcoming months. If that isn’t enough to dim the economy, consider it a miracle.

On a positive side, automakers have achieved great success in 2012. And, local, state and national payrolls cut 13,000 jobs in December.

What the country needs is a well-considered debt reduction plan. Only the development of such a plan will encourage corporate investment and return consumers to open pocketbooks. The chances for a resounding debt resolution plan are cloudy at best.

Richard Gilhooly, an interest rate strategist for TD Securities, New York, offered a sound observation regarding the current job marketplace. “Private sector payrolls at 168,000 were fairly robust in December and the general view is that the recent numbers were likely depressed by fiscal cliff issues, such that improvement should be seen in coming months.

“The household survey was weaker, with only 28,000 jobs, while 192,000 people entered the labor force, pushing the unemployment rate 0.1% higher. Bonds initially traded higher on the unemployment rate and the idea that QE is pegged to at least 6.5 percent, but the market has traded back to the lows subsequently on what is generally a firm report and likely better ahead.”

Imagine where the economy would be if Washington stopped presenting obstacles to a motivated environment.

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Republicans Reeling, Boehner Surrenders


Republicans Reeling, Boehner Surrenders

House Majority Speaker, John Boehner, supposedly the most powerful Republican politician in the country, met his match Thursday in an embarrassing non-vote that once again demonstrates the ineptitude of the conflicted GOP. Boehner did not absorb the humiliating lack of support for his Plan B solution well. To put an end to the Republicans self-destruction mode, Boehner dismissed the House for the Christmas Holiday burying his head in the sand and leaving a concerned middle class wondering “who are those guys?”

Boehner turned the reins over to the Senate and President Obama and left middle class taxpayers hanging out to dry. The conservative Tea Party refused to support Boehner in his hour of need, making very clear that there are at least three political factions working against each other in Congress. While it is easy to criticize the politics, the middle class will pay their dues for not ousting Republicans from the House and Senate in the 2012 elections. The price will be a self-inflicted recession.

It is painfully clear that the majority of Republicans are more interested in standing behind Grover Norquist and the wealthiest 0.005 percent of the voting public than they are about preserving the nation’s credit rating or preventing a recession that could make the 2008 recession pale.

If there was ever doubt about the mechanics of Washington, they should be eliminated now. The international community appears a smoothly operating engine compared to the dysfunction that threatens to take the country apart. On the heels of the tragedy in Newtownn, Ct. Americans are struggling for identity socially, economically and financially. The morale of the country is low and the state of mind for middle class America, the apparent conscience of the country, is distraught. Soon to be bombarded by irresponsible tax increases, massive layoffs and more irresponsible politics, American consumers will hit the crisis mode when the bills for holiday shopping arrive. The middle class can soon look forward to working half the year to pay new taxes and new healthcare levies.

It’s a disaster. A disaster caused by political subsidies, self-interest and the absence of moderate politicians.

Senate Republican Leader, Mitch McConnell had the audacity to call the failure of his party to embrace a real problem, the President’s fault. In another self-serving, stumbling statement from the aged Republican, the Republican leader continued the rhetoric that has accomplished nothing in three years.

The Republican Party is broken and the sooner Americans fight back, the better. This is an inexcusable breach of the public’s trust. Last Monday, Boehner and Obama came to a sweeping tentative agreement. When Boehner returned to the dark corners of the House offices, the deal fell apart rapidly.

Boehner has no control He has fallen from the most powerful Republican in Washington to the depths of an impotent fraud, like the party he represents. Wake up America! This is a disgrace and if you do not pick up the phone and ruin Christmas and New Year’s for your representative, you have no one but yourself to blame.

 

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ECB Holds Rate, Euro falls


While Washington continues to embarrass the world’s largest economy, the ECB released a dismal projection for the euro zone economy in 2013. The forecast has the ECB considering an interest rate cut to help countries trim their borrowing costs. Bad economic news in Europe spells big trouble for American business, which ships more products to the region than any other area.

In meetings with the ECB’s Governing Council, President Mario Draghi entertained a discussion about not only paring interest rates but also about cutting the deposit rate. In the end, the ECB took no action but Draghi is holding the door open on both possibilities. The historically low lending rate of 0.75 percent remains in effect. This rate has prevailed for the past five months but has not done much to fuel economic growth.

The ECB reported their projections for the euro zone showing that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) would fall between -0.9 and +0.3 percent in 2013. In a region that definitely needs growth, hopes are dim.

Berenberg Bank spokesperson Holger Schmieding told reporters, “The somewhat downbeat ECB forecasts, the somber tone of the ECB statement and Draghi’s admission that the ECB had a ‘wide discussion’ over many issues including a potential rate cut also keep the door open for a cut in early 2013.”

The euro zone and European Union have watchful eyes on the Fiscal Cliff negotiations, or lack thereof. As an importer and exporter, the US negotiations are making analysts work overtime to figure the repercussions of the US debt negotiations. The euro zone is clearly counting on the world’s largest economy to be running at optimum speed in 2013. A failure to do so would not only put the US in recession but would have the same effect on the euro zone and other economies.

One positive outcome of the ECB meeting was that Draghi indicated that the bank would continue to supply euro zone banks with necessary liquidity through the middle of 2013.

Now that the European Union and the IMF have taken action to help Greece, the ECB will be challenged to navigate through a regional recession. Inflation is expected to rise between 1.1 and 2.1 percent in 2013.

Euro zone interest rates vary greatly in the 17 nations. The ECB hopes that its continued reduced rates will stabilize nationals lending rates and reduce them as much as possible. But, like the US where corporations are sitting on more than $2 trillion in capital reserves, euro zone businesses are hoarding their cash. They remain unconvinced that the region’s debt crisis will settle and are prepared for worst case scenarios.

The euro zone’s most puzzling dilemma is Spain. The country is suffering 25 percent unemployment and is in the midst of national outrage and even threats of secession. The ECB has a new debt relief program called the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT). Under this mechanism, Spain could receive funding assistance.

However, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy must apply to the euro zone for assistance. Rajoy has asked Draghi to guarantee that borrowing costs would not increase, a commitment Draghi cannot make. Spain would be the first nation to use the OMT.

In the euro zone, the political dialogue has lessened. In the US, Republicans have walked out of Congress and Washington. Talks appear to be stalled and the fiscal cliff is becoming a little too real for Americans.

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The Financial Cliff


The pressure is on in Washington. With President Obama returning to office and signs that some Republicans understand that the party’s ultra-conservative mindset does not resonate with the majority of Americans, it would seem the stage is set for meaningful solutions about the country’s bludgeoning debt. Congress will either follow the Obama lead or the country will fall off the fiscal cliff on December 31. 2012.

Given the erratic record of the Republican House, Americans are edgy about the possibility of a solution to a dilemma that could sink the economy. There is no historical support to think that Congress can coordinate a long-term solution to this pressing problem and place the country’s best interests ahead of their personal own politics.

The House of Representatives will once again attempt to hold Americans hostage, but this time they are negotiating with a President who will not be running for another term and who is committed to represent the middle class, or what is left of it. Analysts have suggested that a temporary debt reduction plan might be implemented but this would be the ultimate kick the can strategy. Americans expect meaningful action.

Three Wings of Fiscal Cliff

The fiscal cliff includes three main components. The temporary payroll tax reduction, the expiration of the Bush Tax cuts and $600 billion in spending cuts are in place to activate on the last day of the year. If negotiations about a remedy are not successful, every American taxpayer will have a heavier burden next year. This will dramatically cut back on consumer spending and severely hurt the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The payroll tax reduction has helped many Americans survive the recession and timid recovery. This reduction will most definitely expire.

The $600 billion cuts will cause loss of jobs and send shock waves through the economy. If a debt reduction plan is not in place by December 31, the defense department will suffer the biggest cutbacks.

Bigger Package Needed

As important as avoiding the fiscal cliff is, the country needs a substantial debt reduction plan. The most viable framework for a meaningful debt reduction initiative is the Simpson-Bowles, $4.6 trillion plan. While Simpson-Bowles is an aggressive approach to reduce the deficit, the country needs an even deeper plan.

Americans are exhausted with the dysfunction that has come to symbolize Washington. At a time when the US needs a balanced approach to reduce the debt, the Republican based Grover Norquist Pledge which opposes all legislation with a tax increase, could be the biggest fly in the ointment.

Two other flies in the ointment are Republican Vice Presidential candidate Paul Ryan, whose fiscal approach probably cost Mitt Romney the Presidency and Republican leader of the House, Eric Cantor. Cantor and Ryan have signed the pledge and cannot be relied upon to have any meaningful input in the negotiations. Frankly, the country would be better off if these two thugs were not re-elected.

The only hope to get a substantial deficit reduction plan in place lies with moderate Republicans, a dying breed in Washington. There are signs that the Senate is agreeable to a plan that crosses the aisle. The Congressional Budget Office reports that if a remedy for the fiscal cliff is not resolved, the economy will shrink by 0.5 percent during 2013. More importantly it is very possible that 5 million or more jobs will be lost in 2013, an outcome that apparently is acceptable to Cantor and Ryan. The country will find itself in a deeper recession than the previous recession.

David Cote, CEO of Honeywell explained the intense need for cooperation and action. “If the last debt ceiling discussion was playing with fire, this time they’re playing with nitroglycerin. If they go off the cliff, I think it would spark a recession that’s a lot bigger than economists think. Some think it would just be a small fire. I think it could turn into a conflagration.”

On Wednesday, President Obama met with a number of CEOs. Many of these CEOs are unsympathetic to the gridlock in Congress. Several major corporations have said they are hoarding cash and unwilling to invest in the US in the current political and economic climate. That possibility is another consequence of the fiscal cliff. Some of the country’s biggest corporations will invest in enterprises in other countries.

When the Bush Tax Cuts were introduced as a temporary tax reduction plan. They have been renewed every year since. The President ran on a platform of increasing the tax rate for workers who earn $250,000 or more. Ryan and Cantor are vehemently opposed to this approach despite the fact that many of the country’s wealthiest individuals have said they were amenable to the proposal.

Republicans favor changing the deductions, such as the interest paid on mortgages and other changes to add revenue. At a time when the country desperately needs positive news on the housing crisis, eliminating the deduction for interest would cripple the housing market further.

Just as Republicans did during the election, they continue to step on themselves. MSNBC reported that 60 percent of persons interviewed in exit polls favored tax increases for the nation’s wealthy. It is time for Congress to put their differences aside and negotiate in good faith for a long-term solution.

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For Euro The Trend is Down


Once again what was perceived to be an encouraging remedy offered by the ECB last week is muddled in political and financial theater, causing the Euro to reverse last week’s positive trend. This time Spain looks to be the culprit.  Further hindering the Euro was a release from Germany indicating that the Euro Zone’s strongest economy may be heading into recession.

The news from Spain was predictable.  But, the message from Germany may have far-reaching ramifications for the region.  September marks the fifth consecutive month that German business sentiment has trended down.  The lack of confidence in Germany increased investor concerns concerning a stalling global economy.

In Spain, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is holding firm that the request for bailout funding is not necessary at this time.  It is believed that the Prime Minister will eventually apply for rescue funds after a regional election to be held on October 21.  Spain’s resistance is puzzling because the country was active in pushing Ireland and Portugal to pursue a Euro Zone bailout deal.  Now, it is Ireland that is pushing Spain to apply and accept the bailout financing.

Countries like Ireland rely upon a stable euro to attract outside investment and are nervously awaiting Lisbon’s decision.  Rajoy became Prime Minister just nine months ago.  His policy is completely opposite from the posture of the previous administration. So, the message appears clear. If Rajoy applies for bailout funding, he will be voted out of office. Let’s be charitable and say that the Prime Minister is in over his head

In addition to Portugal and Ireland, France and Italy are also applying pressure to Spain to proceed immediately.  However, the Euro Zone’s paymaster, Germany, is not in any hurry to support a request from Lisbon.  France and Italy need investor confidence in the Euro zone to stabilize so as to reduce their yields on their bonds.

In Germany, 2013 is a critical election year.  Public sentiment opposes underwriting bailout funding for other Euro Zone states.  Germany’s financial leaders do not view the European Financial Stability Facility (DFSF) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) as a means for governments to obtain inexpensive funding for governmental operations.

For Germany and Austria, it is clear that the use of these funds is a last resort. They are determined to not make it easy for Euro zone members to access these funds until every other resource has been exhausted.  Austrian finance minister stated that position last week saying, “The goal is not to get as many countries as possible under the program, but to keep them stable enough so that they do not need a program.”

Last week, the ECB said it would buy potentially unlimited quantities of short-term bonds in secondary markets.  However for the ECB to act, nations must apply for Euro Zone bailout funds and agree to implement related fiscal and economic reforms which are monitored by an international supervisory committee.  Rajoy feels the austerity conditions accompanying bailout funding are prohibitive and contrary to any opportunity Spain would have to grow its economy.  Spain is scheduled to submit a new package of reforms at the end of this week at the same time that the prime minister submits his 2013 Budget.

Disappointing economic new-age from Germany

The lack of business confidence in Germany spread quickly across global equity and currency markets.  The immediate future does not look good for the Euro which made a pretty spectacular rally last week.

On the US equity front, the S&P 500 had climbed 6% on expectations that central banks would provide strong stimulus to assist the recovery. It appears that the ECB initiative is temporarily blocked.  Investors are also concerned about the Federal Reserve’s newest buying spree.  Many analysts thought the Fed would implement more direct investment to reduce the unemployment rate.

On Monday, the Euro hit a session low old 1.289 USB, its lowest valuation since September 13th.  Against the yen, the Euro traded at 100.54 yen, down 0.8%.  It is clear that the rally in the Euro spawned by the ECB’s new policy has already lost its momentum.

Don’t overlook Greece

Greece has made some progress in managing its debt by implementing some pretty severe austerity programs.  The question is whether the EU/IMF report on November 6 will qualify the country for the next round of bailout funding.

Greece has steadfastly insisted that they will meet the EU/IMF qualifications to entitle the country to the next round of funding.  Most analysts do not see how Greece can meet the overwhelming conditions.

Greece will not only have to trim programs, but will also have to show some growth.  There is no indication that Greece, which has been in and out of recession five times in the last seven years, can possibly generate growth.  This means that stronger austerity cuts are the only way for the country to meet its deadline terms.

So, where does that leave investors?  Investors seem to be attracted to reliable U.S. stock performers.  With U.S. bonds at historically low rates, certain US equity opportunities are in strong demand.  And, of course, if the dollar weakens, the U.S. may well increase its export trade.  Stay tuned, there’s a lot to come before the end of the week.

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BoE, ECB and The People’s Bank Act


In response to data suggesting a global slowdown, the Bank of England, the People’s Bank of China and the European Central Bank made conventional moves to attempt to breathe life into staggering markets.  The People’s Bank lowered its interest rate by 31 basis points to 6 percent.  The ECB trimmed rates to 0.75 percent, a historic low. The Bank of England left its interest rate at 0.50 percent but announced, the bank would begin another round of quantitative easing.

Britain is expected to print 50 billion pounds and use the funds to purchase distressed assets.  Previously, the Bank of England used quantitative easing to flood the market with 325 billion pounds.  Flooded with negative economic data, the ECB vowed to maintain their interest rate but stopped short of investing in upcoming bond markets or putting any cohesive remedies on the table.

ECB president Mario Draghi has continually stressed the need for a comprehensive overhaul of the euro zone debt crisis. Draghi appeared to be delivering a call to unified action to euro zone members. At this time, the ECB has no plans to revisit national bond markets.

Draghi’s frustration with the euro zone’s unwillingness to put a long-term program in place has come to a head.  On Thursday, Draghi told the media that new information pointed to deepening financial difficulties in the region. “We see now a weakening basically of growth in the whole of the euro zone including the country or the countries that had not experienced that before.”

Draghi emphasized that it is not just the southern tier of the euro zone that has economies fighting recession. The euro zone economies are no longer growing.  Most of the countries are either in recession or are headed there. Draghi appears to favor a combination of growth and more reasonable terms for floundering euro zone members.

The central banks of England and Europe were expected to act but China’s rate-cut surprised analysts.  The People’s Bank lowered rates last month, but in anticipation of next week’s data, the bank acted. It has been projected that China will suffer a six consecutive month of sliding growth.  It is believed that China’s second quarter will show the lowest growth since the collapse of Lehman Brothers.

Bank lending in China has experienced very little demand.  The interest rate decrease is intended to inspire businesses to grow.  The central bank previously lowered the reserve requirement ratio (RRR) to 20 percent.  This move freed more than 1.2 trillion yuan for new lending.  The bank is expected to lower the RRR to 19 percent before year’s end. However, analysts were quick to say that the central bank’s willingness to cut deposit and lending rates is more incentive than the RRR changes.

The People’s Bank launched a massive 4 trillion yuan spending bill in late 2009.  The spending policy has caused large volumes of bad debt that the country’s banks are struggling to retire.  However, it is believed that a continuation of poor economic data will spark some form of quantitative easing, which China has the resources to manage.

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Greece Government Receives Threats


The leader of New Democracy, Greece’s conservative party, won Sunday’s election and was immediately charged to align a functional parliament that would support the party’s pro-bailout stance. The vote was interpreted as support from the populace for Greece remaining in the euro zone and operating under the single currency.

All the euro zone nations offered plenty of support prior to the election. The tone was conciliatory and suggested that the 17-member euro zone would work with Greece to ease the tight austerity and extend the terms of the bailout that has fueled Greece’s 5th recession and 22.5 percent unemployment.

Germany went as far as taking out a full page add in the nation’s most well read newspaper.  The ad was a plea to voters to support the New Democracy.  The voters were not pleased with the tone of the article but pushed New Democracy over the top.  The party expects to announce a controlling alliance with the Socialist Party, PASOK.  This is the same coalition that has controlled Greece for decades.

On Tuesday, New Democracy’s top gun, Antonis Samaras, is expected to announce the creation of a government that will be able to carry necessary parliamentary rule to support the bailout. World markets opened on the up and the euro had a short rally before the nations that had seemed amenable to modifying terms of the bailout began to renege on their pre-election overtures.  Germany’s Chancellor, Angela Merkel was quick to stress the need for Greece to strictly follow the terms of the original agreement. Jean-Claude Juncker, former head of the European Central Bank and current leader of Eurogroup, backed Merkel’s puzzling policy reversal.  Juncker said that some conditions might be eased but that there could be no major changes to the bailout package.

The euro zone and Germany in particular has been criticized for austerity cuts that make it impossible for Greece’s 219 billion GDP to grow. Unemployment for young workers exceeds 30 percent.  Pensions and wages have been trimmed significantly.  If the euro zone and Germany do no offer some easing, Greece is doomed.

Combining this bitter reality to the crisis in Spain turned global markets into a late day tailspin. The euro touched briefly at $1.2601, fell to $1.2580 before closing at $1.2591. US analysts were quick to note that Spanish 10-year bonds crossed the 7.00 percent yield mark. There is a lack of confidence in the economies of Spain, Greece and Italy and investors are finally sensing the dysfunctional theater of operations. At the G20 in Mexico City, President Obama is pressing Germany to develop a long-term solution for the region. Whatever appetite international investors may have had for euro zone investment is stalled. Several forex experts have predicted the euro will fall to par against the USD before the end of 2013. Most of these investors also believe the euro zone will continue to shed members very quickly if Spain does not stabilize. This is bad news for the USA whose biggest importer is Europe.

In addition to PASOK’s cooperation, a smaller, left wing party known as Democratic Left has thrown its support behind New Democracy. It appears that the euro zone is prepared to let Greece kick the can down the road until the economic powers in the region set a course that benefits them. This is not the long-term arrangement international investors hoped to see. Once again, the political instability in the region is playing against the welfare of the troubled economies. Without pressure from the international community, Disaster looms.

In a race that went down to the wire, the conservative New Democracy party finished just ahead of SYRIZA and has begun talks on a new government. It is expected to form a coalition with the Socialist PASOK party, meaning that Greece would continue to be governed by the two parties that have ruled for decades and led the country to economic disaster.

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